What is Migraine, Symptoms and Preventions?

0 Comment

When there is pressure or pain in your head, it can be difficult to tell whether you are experiencing a typical headache or a migraine.Differentiating a migraine headache from a traditional headache, is important.It can mean faster relief through better treatments. It can also help prevent future headaches from occurring in the first place.Migraine headaches will typically affect only one side of the head. However, it is possible to have a migraine headache that affects both sides of the head. Other differences include the pain’s quality: A migraine headache will cause intense pain that may be throbbing and will make performing daily tasks very difficult.

Migraine headaches are typically divided into two categories: migraine with aura and migraine without aura. An “aura” refers to sensations a person experiences before they get a migraine.The sensations typically occur anywhere from 10 to 30 minutes before an attack:
1. feeling less mentally alert or having trouble thinking
2. seeing flashing lights or unusual lines
3. feeling tingling or numbness in the face or hands
4.having an unusual sense of smell, taste, or touch

  • Migraine symptoms may begin one to two days before the headache itself. This is known as the prodrome stage, Symptoms during this stage can include:
  • Food cravings
  • Depression
  • Fatigue or low energy
  • Frequent yawning
  • Hyperactivity
  • Irritability
  • Neck stiffness
  • Increased sensitivity to light and sound
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness or feeling faint
  • pain on one side of your head, either on the left side, right side, front, or back, or in your temples
  • pulsing and throbbing head pain
  • vomiting

What causes migraines?

Researchers haven’t identified a definitive cause for migraines. However, they have found some contributing factors that can trigger the condition. This includes changes in brain chemicals, such as a decrease in levels of the brain chemical serotonin.

Other factors that may trigger a migraine include:

  • Bright lights severe heat, or other extremes in weather
  • Dehydration
  • Changes in barometric pressure
  • Hormone changes in women, such as estrogen and progesterone fluctuations during menstruation,
  • Pregnancy,
  • Excess stress
  • Loud sounds
  • Intense physical activity
  • Skipping meals
  • Changes in sleep patterns
  • Use of certain medications, such as oral contraceptives or nitroglycerin
  • Unusual smells
  • Certain foods
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol use
  • Traveling

Migraine prevention

You may want to take these actions to help prevent a migraine. Learn what triggers your migraines and avoid those things.

  • Stay hydrated. Per day, Men should drink about 13 cups of fluids and women should drink 9 cups.
  • Avoid skipping meals.
  • Get quality sleep. A good night’s sleep is important for overall health.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Make it a priority to reduce stress in your life and learn to cope with it in helpful ways.
  • Learn relaxation skills.
  • Exercise regularly. Exercise may help you not only reduce stress but also lose weight. Experts believe
  • Obesity is linked to migraines. Be sure to start exercising slowly to warm up gradually. Starting too fast and intensely can trigger a migraine.
  • Talk to your doctor

Migraine remedies

Because most headaches are stress-induced, taking steps to reduce stress can help relieve headache pain and reduce the risk for future headaches. So,You can try a few things at home that may also help remedy the pain from your migraines:
1.Lie down in a quiet, dark room.
2.Massage your scalp or temples.
3.Place a cold cloth over your forehead or behind your neck.
4. Heat therapy, such as applying warm compresses or taking a warm 5. Shower
6. Massage 7.meditation
8. neck stretching
9.relaxation exercises

What foods are good for migraines?

Eating whole grains and fresh vegetables may help prevent migraines. Eating a healthful diet can help prevent migraines. orange, yellow, and green vegetables, such as summer squash, sweet potatoes, carrots, and spinach carbonated, spring, or tap water rice
respecially brown rice dried or cooked fruits, particularly non-citrus kinds such as cherries and cranberries natural sweeteners or flavors, such as maple syrup and vanilla extract . Pumpkin seeds
Fresh fruits
Fresh vegetables

Foods to avoid

  • Boxed instant mashed potatoes
  • Dried fruits containing sulfite preservatives
  • Citrus fruits
  • Lima beans
  • Navy beans
  • Onions
  • Pizza, as it is also a fresh bread
  • Highly flavored or seasoned chips
  • Flavored popcorn
  • Nut butter